September 11

Responders Are Still Sick And Dying Workers

Responders Are Still Sick And Dying Workers

The 9/11 response team includes emergency workers and clean up crews. They still have significant health problems 20 years later. More than 91,000 volunteers and workers were expose to various hazards during rescue, recovery, and clean-up operations.

Around 80,785 of the responders had signed up for the World Trade Centre Health Program by March 2021. This program was establish after the attacks and use to monitor and treat their health. Our published research, which was based on the examination of these records, now shows the variety of mental and physical health issues respondents still face.

Mental Illness, Breathing Problems, Cancer

The health program found that 45% of respondents had an aerodigestive disorder (conditions that affect their upper digestive tract and airways). One-sixth of the responders have been diagnose with cancer, and 16% have mental illness. Only 40% of those with health problems are between 45 and 64 years old; 83% are men.

We found that 3,439 of the responders to the health program are now decease, far more than the 412 initial responders who were kill on the day of attacks. The number one cause for death is respiratory and upper digestive tract diseases (34%), just ahead of cancer (30%), and mental health problems (15%). Since 2016, the number of deaths due to these factors has increased six fold.

An Ongoing Battle Workers

Each year, the number of people who enroll in the health program for emerging health problems is increasing. In the last five years, more than 16,000 people have signed up. The number of cancer cases has increased 185% in the last five years. Leukaemia is a particularly prevalent form of cancer, surpassing bladder and colon cancers.

This is a 175% increase in leukaemia cases during a 5-year period. It’s not surprising. A link has been establish between acute myeloid and benzene-exposed patients. One of the most toxic exposures at World Trade Centre is jet fuel. Acute myeloid leukaemia, which is also report by responders, also reported by residents of Lower Manhattan who have higher-than-normal rates.

The incidence of prostate cancer has increased 181% in the last year, with a total of 181 cases. This is consistent with the age of most of the participants in the health program, but some responders are developing aggressive and fast-growing forms of prostate cancer.

Inhaling toxic dust from the World Trade Centre site can trigger a series of cellular events that may increase the number of inflammatory immune cells (a type or immune cell) in some responders. This may eventually lead to the development of prostate cancer.

A significant association may exist between increased exposure to the World Trade Centre, and a greater risk of long-term heart disease (disease that affects the heart and blood vessels). Responding firefighters to the World Trade Centre the morning after the attacks were report to be 44% more likely than those who arrive on the same day.

Workers Mental Health Effects

Around 15-20% of respondents said to have post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSD) at a rate four times greater than the general population.

PTSD continues to be a problem for responders despite the fact that it has been around for 20 years. Nearly half of responders say they require ongoing mental health care for a variety of mental health issues, including anxiety, depression, and survivor’s guilt.

Brain scans taken by some respondents also showed early-stage dementia, according to researchers. This confirms previous research that cognitive impairment in responders is twice as common in people aged 10-20 years.

COVID-19 And Other Emerging Threats Workers

COVID-19 is also vulnerable to responders with underlying conditions such as asthma and cancer. Around 1,172 respondents had confirmed COVID-19 by the end of August 2020. Even among those who have not been infected by the pandemic, it has worsened one of the main conditions that search and rescue and recovery from terrorist attacks are responsible for: PTSD.

More than 100 people have died from complications caused by the virus. This has also contributed to other responders’ PTSD symptoms. In the coming years, it is expected that there will be an increase in the number of people who have been exposed to asbestos at the World Trade Centre. Because mesothelioma, a form of cancer that is caused by asbestos, takes between 20-50 years to develop.

At least 352 people had been diagnosed as having the lung condition asbestosis. In addition, at least 444 were diagnosed with pulmonary fibrosis. The toxic dust could have contributed to the asbestosis and other fibres.

Lessons Learned

Our research included analysing data from databases. We cannot draw any direct connections between exposure at the World Trade Centre site, time spent there, or the risk of getting sick. It is important to consider differences in age, sex and smoking status between responders as well as non-responders. Some responders have reported higher rates of certain cancers. This could be due to increased surveillance, not an increase in disease.

We are beginning to understand the long-term consequences of the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Exposure still has a negative impact on both the physical and mental health of those exposed. It is possible that responders still develop illnesses from their exposures. It is important to continue monitoring responders’ health, especially in light of the threat of new asbestos-related cancers.

September 11

Underwater World Shed Light Sea Levels

Underwater World Shed Light Sea Levels

The boat made its way through the waves of the ocean world. The Fiji air was still and warm, with distant islands watching us like sentinels. It was a perfect day for Solo Lighthouse and the drown country that said to surround it. We all entered the Solo Lagoon gap through coral reef and we all bowed as we did so.

Solo Lagoon is located in the north of Fiji’s Kadavu Island Group. Solo means rock in the local dialect. This is what left of an earlier, more extensive land. An ancient legend tells us that this land was submerge by an earthquake or tsunami hundreds of years ago.

Our boat raced towards the 1888 lighthouse, built from remnant rock. People from Buliya and Dravuni islands shared their stories about how, on still nights, when they come here to fish they hear the sounds of mosquitoes buzzing and roosters crowing, and people talking.

Water World Learns

Everyone who enters the realm above the water world learns the rules and how to avoid them. Your boat will not leave the Solo Lagoon if it isn’t slowing down and bowing as you enter. You will never be able to take home more fish from the lagoon that you have.

Although it is easy to ridicule underwater worlds beliefs, they are likely to be a reminder of past submerged places. Many people today living in Fiji trace their roots back to Lomanikoro (the name of the land that was submerged in the Solo Lagoon). Although there is no record of the event in writing, it is believed that submergence restructured the power structures of Fijian society. This is something people can still recall. Similar traditions can be found elsewhere.

Many Aboriginal groups in northern Australia trace their lineage back to underwater lands. Mangurug, an elder Gunwinggu from Djamalingi, or Cape Don in Northern Territory, told a story decades ago about how his people came to be on Aragaladi, an island in the middle the sea, which was then submerge. He stated, Trees and ground as well as creatures and kangaroos drown when they were submerge by the sea.

Gulf Of Carpentaria World

Others living in the Gulf of Carpentaria believe their ancestors fled Baralku’s drowning land, possibly as a remnant of the submergence of Australia’s land bridge linking New Guinea and Australia during the last Ice Age.

There are many stories about underwater lands in northwest Europe where bells are believe to ring strangely from drown churches steeples. Cardigan Bay in Wales is home to many sunken towns. Local traditions tell of fisherman in medieval Brittany who saw the streets, monuments and sunken city of Ys under the water surface.

Many cultures have stories of underwater worlds inhabited and managed by people strikingly like us. These cities are home to benevolent sea witches and bearded monarchs who organise the lives for younger merfolk. Many of these merfolk aspire to be part of human society. Fantasy? Undoubtedly. Arbitrary inventions? Perhaps not. These ideas could be derive from ancient memories of submerge lands or the people who once lived there.

If we accept that some of these stories are based on centuries-old memories of coastal submergence then they might also have some practical application for human futures. For coastal lands are currently being submerge, birthplaces in living memories now underwater.


The ocean level, which now covers more than 70% of the earth’s surface and has been increasing and decreasing by tens to metres over the nearly 200,000 years that humans have lived on it, has changed dramatically in the 200 million years since we first walked the planet. The average ocean level was 120m or more lower at the end of last great ice age 18,000 years ago.

Sea level rose as land ice began to melt in the wake of the ice age. Every part of the globe had to adapt, and coastal peoples did so. Some moved offshore, others inland. They were unable to read and write so they recorded their experiences in oral traditions.

We know that oral traditions can preserve memories of memorable events for thousands of years. This is more than seven thousand years in the case Indigenous Australian stories about volcanic eruptions, coastal submergence, and other such tales. How could people’s memories of once-populated lands evolve in oral traditions to reach us today, and how can we help them?

September 11

Watching War Of The Worlds In A Pandemic

Watching War Of The Worlds In A Pandemic

The TV series that keeps them entertained in a time when COVID war is present are selected by our writers. My reading preferences as a child were precocious, but not old-fashioned. As a ten year old, I read H. G. Wells 1898 speculative novel The War of the Worlds. It was thrilling to me because it suggested that civilisations could crumble at any time and that the cold. Reaches of the universe might bring us an intelligent, but brutally murderous, life form.

He was also known as the English Jules Verne, another childhood favourite. However, Wells maintained that his writings were not science fiction. And not meant to make scientific predictions about world events. His works were fantasies. He wanted to get the same level of conviction as one would in a gripping dream. He hoped that the moment a reader closed a book, they would realize its impossible.

Alien Creatures

Wells’ book reveals that the alien creatures that have arrived in space-filled screw-top cylinders have somehow chosen the London fields and forests. They are slug-like and lack obvious fingers or limbs, but they start building massive, long-legged, metal war machines.

These machines use death radiations to destroy the countryside. These slugs, which are shockingly ugly and intelligent, inject blood directly into their veins to provide sustenance. They no longer require a digestive tract. Yes, aliens. They are indeed aliens. Wells book explains that viral and bacterial life quickly infects aliens on the planet, which saves us. It was pure cosmic luck.

For the past few years, there hasn’t been a lot of cosmic luck for us. It seems that we are now in close-to-defeat of, as an ex-President from the United States described it, an invisible opponent. We have had to adjust to life in Melbourne under waves after waves of viral attacks. Most of us have had to learn to live in lockdown for long periods of time.

War Of The Worlds Again

I was eager to experience the childhood thrill of War of the Worlds again, but relieved to see another series to distract me from the overwhelming amount of things that happen in my daily life.

This drama, created and starring Daisy Edgar Jones, Lea Drucker, and Gabriel Byrne by Howard Overman, is sure to entertain for hours. The first season’s eight episodes strangely well-construct, as the human dramas that unfold throughout them are as complex and real as anything you could ever want.

Drug-taking, child abuse and sibling rivalry are all part of it. There’s also murder, attempts to recover lost love (clumsy new relationships, jealousy), desperate quests for lost love, unrequited devotion from a mother to her child, and a touch mystical when a blind child begins to see.

As Bill Ward, Byrne plays a jealous, struggling ex-husband and an inept father. He also finds himself as a scientist who may have the key to the viral strategy that could turn the tides against the aliens. Some of the brutal acts he must perform are not something he is comfortable with.

It’s a little like your grandfather looking at your face while he plans your death. It is obvious that he is doing it for your good.

Edgar-Jones plays the ethereal role of her barely human presence. However, she is a presence that is nonetheless heavy with complex emotions and contradictory feelings, more than most teens who enter adulthood.

Fractured Lives War

If we are to follow a fantasy, this must be our focus on people’s stories. Fantasy must ground in character, ethical dilemmas, and everyday human interactions.

Even Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein required its creature to feel its humanly raw, needy and believable emotions if it to be allow into our reading-world of dreams, nightmares, reveries, and nightmares